Nurses' Information, Attıtude and Practices towards Use of Physical Restraint in Intensive Care Units.
Balci, Hatice; Arslan, Selda
Introduction: Physical restraint may seem to be a useful and simple procedure to help the treatment but is a complex practice including physical, psychological, judicial, ethical and moral issues. Research was made on description basis in order to determine the knowledge, attitude and application levels of nurses working in critical care units about physical restraint applied on patients. Methods: The study was performed as a descriptive and correlation study. Working in ICUs, 158 nurses constittuted the sampling. "Levels of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Staff Regarding Physical Restraints Questionnaire" was used to collect data. Results: For information, attitude and practice scores, participants' scores were 7.1(1.7), 31.8 (4.6) and 36.6 (3.2), respectively. No association was found between information subscale, and age, professional years, working time in ICUs and weekly working hours. However, for attitude subscale, a negative and weak association was found between age (r=-0.229) and professional years (r=-0.174), and increasing these variables decreased attitude score. No association was found between attitude score, and working time in ICUs and weekly working hours. While there was no association between practice score, and age, professional years and working time in ICUs, the increase in weekly working hours (r=-0.243) was found to decrease practice score, and this association was found weak. Conclusion: In conclusion, we consider nurses' level of information is sufficient, but attitudes and practice were not at a positive level. It is recommendable that out of such conditions, novel approaches should be developed to decrease the use of physical restraint.... Show more Show less