Ensuring Of Patients Participation In Preventing Medical Errors
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Introduction: Nowadays, hospitals are defined as high-risk places and, even if unintentionally, medical errors can occur and harm patients. Although there are many strategies and practices to prevent medical errors, but medical errors are still very common. The World Health Organization and International Nurses Association reported that patient participation is an important and effective way to reduce medical errors. Aim: In this study, it was aimed to determine the factors related to the patient and health personnel to ensure patient participation in the prevention of medical errors. Method: In this review, the related literature was scanned and the importance of patient participation in the prevention of medical errors was discussed. At the same time, in this review, the factors related to patients and healthcare workers were determined and discussed in the light of current literature to ensure patient participation. Results: The participation of patients in the prevention of medical errors in the world to try to keep it applies also seen as an important strategy has not yet encountered any application and work with it in Turkey. As a result of the literature review; Patient-related factors, such as Acceptance of the new patient role,Health literacy and knowledge, Legitimacy of the intervention, Severity of the disease, Socio-demographic variables all affect willingness to participate in the health care process. The acceptance of the role of the new healthcare worker, Education in the healthcare worker-patient relationship, Institutional support, Perception of lack of time, Demographic variables, patient participation have been found to be related factors in terms of healthcare providers. Conclusion: Patient participation is increasingly recognized as a key component in the redesign of health care processes and is advocated to improve patient safety. Key determinants are essential for the success of patient participation in reducing medical errors. More research is recommended for this. Keywords: medical errors, prevention, patient participation,
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