The Effect Of COVID-19 On E-Commerce: A Review On The Supply Chain Network And Cargo Transport
AKKAN, Muhammet Mustafa
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The emergence and spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated digital transformations. E-commerce has been one of the areas that has received the most attention and demand during the pandemic. As quarantines become the new normal, businesses and consumers are increasingly digitized, offering and buying more goods and services online. Despite the persistent differences between countries, the pandemic has increased dynamism in the e-commerce environment between countries and expanded the scope of e-commerce, including new firms, consumer segments and products. In many countries, e-commerce transactions have shifted from luxury goods and services to daily needs that concern a large number of individuals. This has led to the share of e-commerce in global retail trade rising from 14% in 2019 to about 19% in 2020. Such a trend of e-commerce will undoubtedly lead to significant changes in the supply chain network, and especially in cargo transportation. Therefore, this study will examine the effects of the covid-19 pandemic on e-commerce, supply chain network and cargo transportation. These effects will be analyzed using secondary data published by international organizations and future inferences will be made.
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